Spacex’s Falcon rockets are named after the “Millennium Falcon” from Star Wars. The Falcon 1 was Spacex’s first rocket. The rocket was in use from 2006 to 2009 and was used in a total of 5 flights. Its first flight was in March 2006. The research and development of the falcon 1 costed more than $90 million.
Spacex was the First private space company. Before it, space was considered to be the domain of government agencies with huge budgets. The creation of Spacex was one of the boldest and riskiest gambles in the history of space exploration.
Where was it launched from?
All of the Falcon 1 rockets were launched from the Kwajalein Atoll Island, a a part of the Republic of Marshall islands due to two reasons. the site was chosen as the launch as the originally planned launch site, the Vanderbilt air force belt did not allow the rocket to be flown from there. The second reason was its advantage of being close to the equator. This way, the rocket could get a little “push” into orbit due to rotation of the Earth
Failure and Success
Spacex had 3 failed launches back to back. The company succeeded in collecting money for one last launch. The 4th launch was very crucial. Its success could either mark a new beginning in space travel or end it before it even started. The launch was a success. In September 2008, Falcon 1 had become the first privately developed rocket to enter earth orbit.
The fifth launch, in July 2009 was falcon 1’s last launch, before it was retired. Each launch had costed between $6 million and $9 million dollars.
The success of the 4th launch got Spacex huge amounts of investments. The successor of the Falcon 1, the Falcon 1e was to be planned to be developed. But, the rocket was not developed as Spacex wanted to use its resources to develop the much bigger and better Falcon 9 reusable rocket.